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The Holy Trinity 1

:[ February 15th, 2006

The Holy Trinity

“Heart speaks to heart” – John Henry Cardinal Newman

(King James Version, unless indicated otherwise)

originally written in 1982; revised only slightly subsequently

C O N T E N T S

I. FORTY DESCRIPTIONS APPLIED BOTH TO GOD/YHWH AND JESUS
II. GOD/YHWH, THE MESSIAH, AND JESUS: PARALLEL PASSAGES
III. THE UNITY OF GOD AND MONOTHEISM
IV. THE HOLY SPIRIT AND/OR TRINITARIANISM
V. THE HOLY SPIRIT IS A PERSON: FORTY PERSONAL ATTRIBUTES
VI. THE HOLY SPIRIT IS GOD: DIRECT BIBLICAL EVIDENCE
VII. 13 DESCRIPTIONS APPLIED TO ALL THREE IN THE TRINITY
VIII. GOD’S APPEARANCES AS A MAN IN THE O.T. (THEOPHANIES)
IX. JESUS IS THE IMAGE OF THE INVISIBLE FATHER
X. A DEFINITION OF THE TRINITY: THE ATHANASIAN CREED

I. FORTY DESCRIPTIONS APPLIED BOTH TO GOD/YHWH AND JESUS

{ * = God/YHWH (God the Father) / + = Jesus (God the Son) }

1) Name of God: “I AM”

*EXODUS 3:14 And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

*DEUTERONOMY 32:39 See now that I, {even} I, {am} he, and {there is} no god with me . . . {cf. Is 41:4, 43:10-13, 48:12}
+JOHN 8:24 . . . if ye believe not that I am {he}, ye shall die in your sins.
+JOHN 8:28 Then said Jesus unto them, When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall ye know that I am {he}, and {that} I do nothing of myself; but as my Father hath taught me, I speak these things. {cf. 8:58, 13:19}

2) Raises the Dead and Gives Life

*DEUTERONOMY 32:39 . . . I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: . . .

*1 SAMUEL 2:6 The Lord killeth, and maketh alive: he bringeth down to the grave, and bringeth up. {cf. Rom 4:17}
+JOHN 5:21 For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth {them}; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.
+JOHN 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any {man} pluck them out of my hand. {cf. Jn 1:4, 1 Jn 5:11}

3) “Good Shepherd”

*EZEKIEL 34:11-12,15,22,31 For thus saith the Lord God; Behold, I, {even} I, will both search my sheep, and seek them out. (12) As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep {that are} scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day . . . (15) I will feed my flock, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord God . . . (22) Therefore will I save my flock, and they shall no more be a prey; and I will judge between cattle and cattle . . . (31) And ye my flock, the flock of my pasture, {are} men, {and} I {am} your God, saith the Lord God. {cf. Ps 23:1, 80:1, 100:3, Is 40:11, Jer 23:1, 31:10}

+JOHN 10:7,11,14-16,26-29 Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep . . . (11) I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep . . . (14) I am the good shepherd, and know my {sheep}, and am known of mine. (15) As the Father knoweth me, even so I know the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep. (16) And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, {and} one shepherd . . . (26) But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. (27) My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: (28) And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any {man} pluck them out of my hand. (29) My Father, which gave {them} me, is greater than all; and no {man} is able to pluck {them} out of my Father’s hand. {cf. Ezek 34:23, Mic 5:4, Zech 13:7 w/Mt 26:31, Heb 13:20, 1 Pet 5:4, Rev 7:17}

4) Author of Eternal Words

*ISAIAH 40:8 . . . the word of our God shall stand for ever.
+MATTHEW 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

5) Worshiped and Praised by Angels

*PSALM 148:1-2 Praise ye the Lord. Praise ye the Lord from the heavens: praise him in the heights. (2) Praise ye him, all his angels : praise ye him, all his hosts.
+HEBREWS 1:6 And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

6) “Bridegroom”

*ISAIAH 62:5 For {as} a young man marrieth a virgin, {so} shall thy sons marry thee: and {as} the bridegroom rejoiceth over the bride, {so} shall thy God rejoice over thee. {cf. Is 54:5-6, Hos 2:16-20}
+REVELATION 19:7 Let us be glad and rejoice, and give honour to him: for the marriage of the Lamb is come, and his wife hath made herself ready. {cf. Mt 24:44, 25:1,6,13, Jn 3:29, Rev 21:9}

7) “Glory” of God

*ISAIAH 42:8 I {am} the Lord: that {is} my name: and my glory will I not give to another, . . . {cf. 48:11}
+JOHN 17:5 . . . Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was.
+HEBREWS 1:3 Who being the brightness of {his} glory, . . . {cf. Mt 25:31, Lk 2:32, Jn 1:14, 16:14, 17:1, 1 Cor 2:8}

8) Seeker of the Lost

*EZEKIEL 34:16 I will seek that which was lost, and bring again that which was driven away, . . . +LUKE 19:10 For the Son of man is come to seek and to save that which was lost.

9) “Lord of Lords”

*DEUTERONOMY 10:17 For the Lord your God {is} God of Gods, and Lord of Lords, a great God, . . . {cf. Ps 136:2-3, 1 Tim 6:15}
+REVELATION 17:14 . . . the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: . . {cf. Rev 19:16}

10) “Lord of Glory”

*PSALM 24:10 Who is this King of glory? The Lord of hosts, he {is} the King of glory. Selah.
+1CORINTHIANS 2:8 . . . had they known {it}, they would not have crucified the Lord of glory.

11) “Above All”

*EPHESIANS 4:6 One God and Father of all, who {is} above all, and through all, and in you all. {cf. Ps 97:9}

+JOHN 3:31 He that cometh from above is above all: he that is of the earth is earthly, and speaketh of the earth: he that cometh from heaven is above all.

12) “All in All”

*1 CORINTHIANS 15:28 . . . that God may be all in all.
+COLOSSIANS 3:11 . . . but Christ {is} all, and in all.

13) “Over All”

*PSALM 83:18 . . . Jehovah, {art} the most high over all the earth.
+ROMANS 9:5 . . . Christ . . . , who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen.

14) “Light”

*1 JOHN 1:5 . . . God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. {cf. Ps 27:1, 1 Tim 6 16}
+JOH 8:12 Then spake Jesus again unto them, saying, I am the light of the world: he that followeth me shall not walk in darkness, but shall have the light of life. {cf. 1:9}

15) “Holy One”

*ISAIAH 48:17 Thus saith the Lord, thy Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; . . . {cf. 10:20, 43:3, 1 Sam 2:2, Ps 89:18}
+ACTS 3:13-14 The God of Abraham, and of Isaac, and of Jacob, the God of our fathers, hath glorified his Son Jesus; . . . (14) But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, .

. . {cf. Acts 2:27 w/ Ps 16:10, Is 49:7}

16) Redeemer

*ISAIAH 43:14 Thus saith the Lord, your redeemer, the Holy One of Israel; . . . {cf. 41:14, 44:6,24, 47:4, 48:17, 54:8}
+TITUS 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, . . . {cf. Rom 3:24, Gal 3:13, 4:5, Eph 1:7, Titus 2:14, Heb 9:12, Rev 5:9}

17) Illuminating Light

*REVELATION 22:5 And there shall be no night there; and they need no candle, neither light of the sun; for the Lord God giveth them light: . . . {cf. Is 60:19}
+REVELATION 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb {is} the light thereof.

18) “First and Last”

*ISAIAH 44:6 Thus saith the Lord the King of Israel, and his redeemer the Lord of hosts; I {am} the first, and I {am} the last; and beside me {there is} no God.

*REVELATION 1:8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

*REVELATION 21:6-7 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end . . . (7) He that overcometh shall inherit all things; and I will be

his God, and he shall be my son. {cf. Is 41:4, 48:12}
+REVELATION 1:17-18 . . . Fear not; I am the first and the last: (18) I {am} he that liveth, and was dead; . . .
+REVELATION 2:8 . . . These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

+REVELATION 22:13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. {identified as Jesus in 22:16}

19) Satisfier of the Thirsty

*REVELATION 21:6 . . . I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
+JOHN 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. {cf. 6:35, 7:37, Rev 22:17}

20) All-Powerful “Hand”

*DEUTERONOMY 32:39 . . . neither {is there any} that can deliver out of my hand. {cf. Jn 10:29}
+JOHN 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any {man} pluck them out of my hand.

21) Sound of Voice

*EZEKIEL 43:2 And, behold, the glory of the God of Israel came from the way of the east: and his voice {was} like a noise of many waters: and the earth shined with his glory.
+REVELATION 1:15 And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters.

22) “Horn of Salvation”

*2 SAMUEL 22:3 The God of my rock; . . . He is my shield, and the {Horn Of} my salvation, . . . {cf. Ps 18:2}
+LUKE 1:68-69 Blessed {be} the Lord God of Israel; for he . . . (69) . . . hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;

23) Divine Discipline

*PROVERBS 3:12 For whom the Lord loveth he correcteth; even as a father the son {in whom} he delighteth.

+REVELATION 3:19 As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent. 24) Appearance of God

*EZEKIEL 1:26-28 And above the firmament that {was} over their heads {was} the likeness of a throne, as the appearance of a sapphire stone: and upon the likeness of the throne {was} the likeness as the appearance of a man above upon it. (27) And I saw as the colour of amber, as the appearance of fire round about within it, from the appearance of his loins even upward, and from the appearance of his loins even downward, I saw as it were the appearance of fire, and it had brightness round about. (28) As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so {was} the appearance of the brightness round about. This {was} the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the Lord. And when I saw {it}, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one that spake.

*DANIEL 7:9 I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the ancient of days did sit, whose garment {was} white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne {was like} the fiery flame, {and} his wheels {as} burning fire.

+REVELATION 1:13-16 And in the midst of the seven candlesticks {one} like unto the Son of man, clothed with a garment down to the foot, and girt about the paps with a golden girdle. (14) His head and {his} hairs {were} white like wool, as white as snow; and his eyes {were} as a flame of fire; (15) And his feet like unto fine brass, as if they burned in a furnace; and his voice as the sound of many waters. (16) And he had in his right hand seven stars: and out of his mouth went a sharp twoedged sword: and his countenance {was} as the sun shineth in his strength.
+REVELATION 2:18 . . . Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet {are} like fine brass;

25) Destroyer of Death

*ISAIAH 25:8 He will swallow up death in victory; . . .
+2 TIMOTHY 1:10 But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Jesus Christ, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light . . .

26) “Render According to Deeds”

*PSALM 62:12 . . . unto thee, O Lord, {belongeth} mercy: for thou renderest to every man according to his work. {cf. Is 40:10}
+MATTHEW 16:27 For the Son of man shall . . . reward every man according to his works.
+REVELATION 22:12 And, behold, I come quickly; and my reward {is} with me, to give every man according as his work shall be.

27) Separator of Sheep and Goats

*EZEKIEL 34:17 . . . Behold, I judge between cattle and cattle, between the rams and the the goats.
+MATTHEW 25:32 And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth {his} sheep from the goats:

28) Receiver of Glory

*GALATIANS 1:4-5 . . . according to the will of God and our Father: (5) To whom {be} glory for ever and ever. Amen.
+2 PETER 3:18 . . . our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him {be} glory both now and for ever. Amen. {cf. Heb 13:21}

29) Possessor of the Kingdom

*JOHN 3:5 Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and {of} the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. {cf. Mt 21;31, Lk

7:28, Acts 1:3, Rom 14:17, 1 Cor 4:20, 15:50, Col 4:11, Rev 12:10}

+COLOSSIANS 1:13 Who hath delivered us from the power of darkness, and hath translated {us} into the kingdom of his dear Son: {cf. Jn 18:36, Eph 5:5, 2 Tim 4:1, Heb

1:8, 2 Pet 1:1}

30) “For Whom Are All Things”

*ROMANS 11:36 For of him, and through him, and to him, {are} all things: to whom {be} glory for ever. Amen.

*HEBREWS 2:10 For it became him, for whom {are} all things, and by whom {are} all things, . . .
+COLOSSIANS 1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether {they be} thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: {cf. Mt 11:27, Jn 3:35, 13:3, Phil 3:21}

31) Lawgiver

*ROMANS 7:22 . . . the law of God . . . {cf. Ps 19:7}
+GALATIANS 6:2 . . . fulfil the law of Christ.

32) “The Spirit of . . .”

*ROMANS 8:9 . . . the Spirit of God . . .
+ROMANS 8:9 . . . the Spirit of Christ, .. . {cf. Phil 1:19}
+GALATIANS 4:6 And because ye are sons, God hath sent forth the Spirit of his Son into your hearts, .

33) Our Hope

*PSALM 71:5 For thou {art} my hope, O Lord God: . . .
+1 TIMOTHY 1:1 . . . Lord Jesus Christ, {which is} our hope; {cf. Col 1:27}

34) Granter of Grace For Salvation

*TITUS 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,
+ACTS 15:11 But we believe that through the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ we shall be saved, even as they.

35) Head of the Angels

*JOHN 1:51 . . . the angels of God ascending and descending upon the Son of man. {Lk 12:8-9, Heb 1:6}
+2 THESSALONIANS 1:7 . . . the Lord Jesus shall be revealed from heaven with his mighty angels, {cf. Mt 16:27}

36) “His Saints”

*COLOSSIANS 1:26-27 {Even} the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to his saints: (27) To whom God would make

known . . .
+1 THESSALONIANS 3:13 . . . at the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ with all his saints.

37) Sender of Angels

*REVELATION 22:6 . . . the Lord God of the holy prophets sent his angel . . .
+REVELATION 22:16 I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches . . .

38) “The Gospel of . . .”

*ROMANS 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, called {to be} an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, {cf. Mk 1:14, Rom 15:16, 1 Thess 2:2,8-9, 1 Pet 4:17}
+ROMANS 15:19 . . . I have fully preached the gospel of Christ. {cf. Rom 1:16, 1 Cor 9:12, 2 Cor 2:12, 1 Thess 3:2}

39) “Church of . . .”

*1 CORINTHIANS 15:9 . . . I persecuted the church of God. {cf. 1 Cor 11:22, Gal 1:13}
+MATTHEW 16:18 . . . thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; . . .
+ROMANS 16:16 . . . The churches of Christ salute you.

40) “Servants of . . .”

*TITUS 1:1 Paul, a servant of God, . . . {cf. Rom 12:11, Lk 4:8- “. . . him only shalt thou serve”}
+ROMANS 1:1 Paul, a servant of Jesus Christ, . . . {cf. Eph 6:6, Col 3:24; servants of both: Jas 1:1, Rev 7:3, 11:18, 19:5}